Awesome Dry Bulk Shipping Advice









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FrankJScott 发表于 2021-11-25 07:56:38
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Purpose And General Use Of Seagoing Bulk Carriers

The operation of bulk carriers posed a number of risks. The most important shipboard issues need the use of a careful plan and care. This site is designed to be a quick reference for international shipping communities. It offers information and guidance on loading and unloading bulk cargo types. The site must remain within the guidelines that are set by the classification society. It is vital to make sure that the ship's structure is not stressed and that all safety precautions are in place in order to ensure safe passage at sea. There are a wealth of details on bulk carrier issues on our pages of detail for both those who work at sea and those who work ashore.

General characteristics of seagoing bulk carriers
Bulk carriers are single deck vessels constructed with top-side tanks as well as hopper side tanks in cargo areas and are designed primarily to carry single-commodity solid bulk cargo. Solid bulk cargo refers to anything that is not gas or liquids, made up of a mix of granules and particles. It is possible to load directly into cargo spaces without any form of containerization. Dry cargo includes bulk grains, sugar, and even minerals. In the broadest sense the term "bulk carrier" embraces all ships designed primarily to transport liquid or solid cargo in bulk form which includes tankers. The term"bulk carrier" is commonly used to describe vessels that are designed to transport solid bulk cargoes. This includes grain, similar agricultural products, and minerals such as coal ore and stone , on some or all of the voyage legs.   Click over to this bulk carriers site for more.


What Exactly Is Bulk Carrier?

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

Carrying capacities range from 3,000 to 300,000.
Average speed of 12-15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Small to medium-sized bulk transporters with a carrying capacity of up to 40,000 tons are equipped with cargo handling gear. Larger vessels use dock-based facilities to load and unloading.
Cargo storage is usually large and without any obstructions. There are larger hatch sizes to allow cargoes to be unloaded and loaded easily.
Most bulk carriers have a cargo hold designated for the ballast storage. It can also be used for stability enhancements on ballast journeys. Some additional holds could be permitted to allow partial ballasting, but only when in port.
They are single pull and stacking, or hydraulic steel hatch covers.
Four kinds of ballast tanks:
Sloping topside wing tanks
Bottom side of wing tank sloping
Double bottom tanks
Ballast water for the peak and post-peak tank.

Bulk solid cargo? Any other substance, other than gasoline or liquid, that is composed of fragments or granules made of smaller pieces that are uniform in composition and loaded directly into cargo spaces. There are a variety of cargoes that are transported by bulk carriers. They include food and minerals that may react with each others or in conjunction with water sources. To load the cargo, it is important to clean the area properly. A surveyor might be required to mark the space as ready to load. To prevent contamination, it is essential to remove any remnants of a previous cargo. Damage to bulk cargo is usually caused by water. To prevent water ingress the hatch covers need to be watertight. All fittings inside the storage area (ladders and pipes guards, bilge covers and so on.) are to be checked. All fittings inside the hold (pipe guards, bilge covers.) should be inspected to make sure they are in good condition and securely fixed. The equipment could cause damage to conveyor belts, which can cause delays. The ship may be held responsible if these items are accidentally discharged with cargo. Have a look at this voyage charter info for more.


Bulk Carrier or Bulker? The vessel is designed to transport dry cargo. The conventional bulk carrier is built with one deck, a single skin double bottom, topside and side tank hoppers. tanks within cargo spaces. Bulk carriers are able to transport heavy ore as well as light grain at their maximum weight. The loading, carriage, and final discharge of dry bulk cargo isn't as simple or simple as people imagine.

Gearless Bulk Carrier
Many bulk cargoes are characterized by hazardous properties and may change their properties upon passage. The ship may be damaged by incorrect loading e.g. The ship may bend when it is loaded at the maximum forward holding. This is called stress. This can lead to life-threatening consequences at sea, especially during bad weather. Last cargoes could be negatively impacted by residues from previous cargoes. Some bulk cargoes are also vulnerable to water damage. cement power. It is not easy to establish the exact weights or quantities of cargoes being discharged or loaded. These factors have serious implications on the operations of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? bulk cargoes are prone to having the tendency of forming a cone when they are loaded if conveyor belts and similar systems aren't supervised and controlled. The angle that is created by the cone is referred to as the `angle of repose'. It is different for each cargo. Cargoes made of iron ore for instance, can form an angle-shaped cone. The cargo that is able to move freely will form an angle-shaped cone that has a low angle. A cargo with a low angle of repose has the possibility of shifting during the passage. When the cargo is nearing the point of completion, bulldozers may be needed to spread the load across the holds. Dry-bulk carriers depend on facilities at the shore for cargo loading/discharge. However, bulk carriers may have self-unloading options with conveyors under the cargo holds or on deck.

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PierceWelsh 发表于 2021-12-27 08:36:06
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